Reliable Medical Recommendation Systems with Patient Privacy

Authors: 
T. Ryan Hoens, Marina Blanton, Nitesh V. Chawla
Citation: 
Proceedings of the 1st ACM International Health Informatics Symposium. ACM, 2010.
Publication Date: 
November, 2010

One of the concerns patients have when confronted with a medical condition is which physician to trust. Any recommendation system that seeks to answer this question must ensure any sensitive medical information collected by the system is properly secured. In this paper we codify these privacy concerns in a privacy-friendly framework and present two architectures that realize it: the Secure Processing Architecture (SPA) and the Anonymous Contributions Architecture (ACA). In SPA, patients submit their ratings in a protected form without revealing any information about their data, and the computation of recommendations proceeds over the protected data using secure multi-party computation techniques. In ACA, patients submit their ratings in the clear, but no link between a submission and patient data can be made. We discuss various aspects of both architectures including techniques for ensuring reliability of computed recommendations and system performance, and provide their comparison.